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rmforall
02-22-2003, 12:17 AM
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/968
EU MEPs vote to re-evaluate aspartame and stevia:
Martini: Murray 3.21.3 rmforall

"Justification
The use of aspartame increases the exposure to its metabolites
methanol/formaldehyde and phenylalanine, and is reported to provoke
headaches, nausea and allergic reactions, inter alia, especially in the
case of vulnerable persons. Its widespread use should therefore be
re-evaluated by the Commission and the relevant scientific committees,
taking into account all available data and respecting the precautionary
principle.
An historical evaluation is required as there seems to be evidence that
original studies did not prove the safety of aspartame. Nevertheless
further approvals are mainly based on the FDA assessment."

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/964
list of EU MEPs & staff re aspartame vote Feb 19: Martini: Murray
2.14.3 rmforall

Subject: [Activist_List] Results of Parliament - Aspartame to be
Reevaluated, Note info on Stevia
Date: Fri, 21 Feb 2003 19:08:50 -0500
From: Betty Martini <bettym19@mindspring.com>
Reply-To: Activist_List@yahoogroups.com
To: "aspartame@onelist.com" <aspartame@onelist.com>
CC: "AspartameSurvivors@onelist.com"
<AspartameSurvivors@onelist.com>, "Activist List-yahoogroups.com"
<Activist_List@yahoogroups.com>

MISSION POSSIBLE INTERNATIONAL News Update - February 21st 2003

EU MEPS VOTE FOR SWEETENER RE-EVALUATIONS
Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) on the European Parliament's
Environment, Public Health and Consumer Policy Committee voted for a
re-evaluation of the artificial sweetener, aspartame (E951) on 19th
February.

The Amendment was proposed by Belgian Green MEP, Paul Lannoye which
included a proposal to improve the labelling of products containing
aspartame.

The natural sweetener, stevia (currently non-approved in the EU) was
also voted to be re-evaluated for Europe-wide use.

Other proposed Amendments to the Sweeteners Directive 94/35/EC put
forward by the EC related to the new artificial sweetener sucralose,
which was accepted by the Committee as was aspartame-acesulfame salt.
However, the Committee voted for a review of the use of sucralose and
aspartame-acesulfame salt in three years' time.

For cyclamate (currently banned in the US and other countries), the
Committee members voted for a maximum level in soft drinks of
250mg/L. This level is below that proposed by the European Commission.

All the Amendments as voted on in Committee will now go forward to be
voted on at the European Parliament's next Plenary Session, expected in
March in Strasbourg.

FURTHER INFORMATION
Draft Report and Amendments - Agenda Item 14 for 19th February 2003

http://www.europarl.eu.int/meetdocs/committees/envi/20030219/ENVI20030219.htm

This next stage is scheduled to be around 8th April in Strasbourg-- it
could be later.
This is called a Plenary Session when ALL 600+ MEPs will vote on the
Sweetener Amendments and other EU business.

Betty Martini: Thank you all who wrote Parliament. Teamwork is truly
the fuel that allows common people to produce uncommon results. And
thanks to Felicity who wrote the amendments, and others in the UK who
helped so much.
************************************************** **********************

http://www.europarl.eu.int/meetdocs/
committees/envi/20030219/487786en.pdf

AM\489627EN.doc PE 319.407/6-15
EN EN EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT 1999 2004
Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Policy
30 January 2003 PE 319.407/6-15
AMENDMENTS 6-15
Draft report (PE 319.407)
Anne Ferreira
Sweeteners for use in foodstuffs
Proposal for a directive (COM(2002) 375 – C5-0341/2002 –2002/0152(COD))
Text proposed by the Commission Amendments by Parliament

Amendment by Paul A.A.J.G. Lannoye PLannoye@europarl.eu.int
Amendment 6
Article 1 a (new)
The Commission will present a report to the
European Parliament and the Council
regarding a re-evaluation of the
authorisation of the sweetener aspartame,
including an historical evaluation of the
FDA approval processes.
The report will also include legislative
proposals for improving the labelling of
products containing aspartame, especially
for the protection of vulnerable persons
such as pregnant women, infants and
young children.
The Commission will also re-examine the
restrictions on the use of the traditional
sweetener Stevia, taking into account all
available data.
PE 319.407/6-15 [page 2/6] AM\489627EN.doc
EN
Or. en
Justification
The use of aspartame increases the exposure to its metabolites
methanol/formaldehyde and phenylalanine, and is reported to provoke
headaches, nausea and allergic reactions, inter alia, especially in the
case of vulnerable persons. Its widespread use should therefore be
re-evaluated by the Commission and the relevant scientific committees,
taking into account all available data and respecting the precautionary
principle.
An historical evaluation is required as there seems to be evidence that
original studies did not prove the safety of aspartame. Nevertheless
further approvals are mainly based on the FDA assessment.

Amendment by Dagmar Roth-Behrendt DRothBehrendt@europarl.eu.int
Amendment 7
Article 1 b (new)
Within three years, the Commission and
the European Food Safety Authority shall
review the conditions for the use of
sucralose given in this Directive and shall
propose the necessary amendments, taking
as their starting point, as regards maximum
content, the effects on children's health.
Or. de
Justification
A revision clause is necessary: to date, there is no clear picture of
the effects of a host of additives on children's health. Sensibly
enough, the most vulnerable and most sensitive group of consumers, must
be taken as the starting point for the new limit values to be laid down.
The effects of additives on children's health must therefore be the
decisive factor in the appraisal.
Children and young people consume large quantities of non-staple
foodstuffs such as various types of confectionery, soft drinks, cakes
and pastries, ‘snacks’. The maximum content levels laid down for
additives are based on the assumption that only small quantities of
these products are additionally consumed.

Amendment by Ria G.H.C. Oomen-Ruijten ROomen@europarl.eu.int
AM\489627EN.doc [page 3/6] PE 319.407/6-15
EN
Amendment 8
Article 2, first paragraph
Member States shall bring into force the
laws, regulations and administrative
provisions necessary to comply with this
Directive by […] at the latest. They shall
forthwith inform the Commission thereof.
Member States shall bring into force the
laws, regulations and administrative
provisions necessary to comply with this
Directive by […] at the latest. The purpose
of those laws, regulations and
administrative provisions shall be to:
- authorise, by … [three months after
entry into force] at the latest, the marketing
and the use of products which comply with
this Directive;
- ban, by … [three months after entry
into force] at the latest, the marketing and
the use of products which do not comply
with this Directive.
Member States shall forthwith inform the
Commission thereof.
Or. nl
Justification
A period of three months after the entry into force of this directive is
sufficient.

Amendment by Anne Ferreira AnFerreira@europarl.eu.int
Amendment 9
ANNEX, point 1
The category ‘fine bakery products for
special nutritional uses’ shall be renamed
‘fine bakery products, energy-reduced or
with no added sugar’;
deleted
Or. fr
PE 319.407/6-15 [page 4/6] AM\489627EN.doc
EN
Justification
The rapporteur takes the view that consumption of products containing
sweeteners should be recommended for special diets, chiefly relating to
health problems. The rapporteur therefore proposes that the Commission's
amendment be deleted so as to retain the old wording, which she
thinks is more appropriate.

Amendment by Véronique De Keyser VDekeyser@europarl.eu.int
Amendment 10
ANNEX, point 1
The category ‘fine bakery products for
special nutritional uses’ shall be renamed
‘fine bakery products, energy-reduced or
with no added sugar’;
The category ‘fine bakery products for
special nutritional uses’ shall be renamed
‘fine bakery products containing sweeteners
for special nutritional uses, energyreduced’;
Or. fr
Justification
The Commission proposal fails to provide clear information for consumers
on the composition of foodstuffs. This amendment, which allows for the
clearest possible information for the consumer, has therefore been
proposed.

Amendment by Dagmar Roth-Behrendt DRothBehrendt@europarl.eu.int
Amendment 11
ANNEX, point 1
The category ‘fine bakery products for
special nutritional uses’ shall be renamed
‘fine bakery products, energy-reduced or
with no added sugar’;
The category ‘fine bakery products for
special nutritional uses’ shall be amended to
read ‘fine bakery products, energy-reduced
or with no added sugar’;
Or. de
AM\489627EN.doc [page 5/6] PE 319.407/6-15
EN
Justification
There are dietary bakery products which, instead of sugar, contain sugar
substitutes and/or fructose and/or sweeteners. As a rule, they are not
calorie-reduced; by and large, composition of the foodstuffs matches
that of bakery products customarily produced with sugar. These
foodstuffs are also used for diabetics' special diets. The proposed
renaming of the category would remove these bakery products from the
scope of the Directive.

Amendment by Paul A.A.J.G. Lannoye PLannoye@europarl.eu.int
Amendment 12
ANNEX, point 3 (a)
(a) for the category ‘water-based flavoured
drinks, energy-reduced or with no added
sugar’ the maximum usable dose of ‘400
mg/l’ is replaced by ‘350 mg/l’;
deleted
Or. en
Justification
Cyclamic acid, which is not authorised by the US FDA, has been shown to
reduce testosterone levels and provoke testicle atrophy in rats. It is
suspected to have cancerogenous effects, and the ADI set at 7 mg/kg bw
is easily exceeded due to its presence in various soft drinks and other
products.

Amendment by Inger Schörling ISchorling@europarl.eu.int
Amendment 13
ANNEX, point 3 (a)
(a) for the category ‘water-based flavoured
drinks, energy-reduced or with no added
sugar’ the maximum usable dose of ‘400
mg/l’ is replaced by ‘350 mg/l’;
(a) for the category ‘water-based flavoured
drinks, energy-reduced or with no added
sugar’ the maximum usable dose of ‘400
mg/l’ is replaced by ‘100 mg/l’;
Or. en
PE 319.407/6-15 [page 6/6] AM\489627EN.doc
EN
Justification
The ADI for cyclamic acid has been set by the SCF at 7 mg/kg bw. This
value is easily exceeded due to the presence of cyclamate in various
soft drinks and other products.

Amendment by Paul A.A.J.G. Lannoye PLannoye@europarl.eu.int
Amendment 14
ANNEX, point 3 (b)
(b) the following categories and maximum
usable doses are deleted:
(b) all categories and maximum usable doses
are deleted:
Or. en
Justification
Cyclamic acid, which is not authorised by the US FDA, has been shown to
reduce testosterone levels and provoke testicle atrophy in rats. It is
suspected to have cancerogenous effects, and the ADI set at 7 mg/kg bw
is easily exceeded due to its presence in various soft drinks and other
products.

Amendment by Paul A.A.J.G. Lannoye PLannoye@europarl.eu.int
Amendment 15
ANNEX, point 4
(4) The following tables are added: deleted
Or. en
Justification
Sucralose is an organo-chloride whose toxicological evaluation is mainly
based on nonpublished studies undertaken by the producing company. The
wide range of use proposed by the Commission and the ADI, which is set
at a much higher value than the ADI fixed by the FDA, give further
reasons for doubt. The EU should apply the precautionary principle and
not authorise the use of sucralose at the present stage.
************************************************** *********************

http://www.europarl.eu.int/

EP, FSA AND SCF WEBSITES
1. The Explanatory Statement and Draft Report by Anne Ferreira, the
Rapporteur, relating to the Amendments to the Sweeteners Directive
94/35/EC

http://www.europarl.eu.int/meetdocs/committees/envi/20030121/envi20030121.htm
.

2. The Opinion of Aspartame by the Scientific Committee on Food given
4th December 2002
http://www.food.gov.uk/news/newsarchive/aspartamereview .

3. SCF website
http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/scf/out155_en.pdf .
************************************************** **********************

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/959
aspartame review: methanol, formaldehyde, formic acid toxicity:
Murray 2.21.3 rmforall
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/968

Rich Murray, MA Room For All rmforall@att.net
1943 Otowi Road, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505 USA 505-986-9103

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/messages
for 968 posts in a public searchable archive

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartame/ 615 member group

http://www.holisticmed.com/aspartame/scf2002-response.htm
Mark Gold exhaustively critiques European Commission Scientific
Committee on Food re aspartame (12.4.2): 59 pages, 230 references

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/910
formaldehyde & formic acid from methanol in aspartame:
Murray: 12.9.2 rmforall

It is certain that high levels of aspartame use, above 2 liters daily
for months and years, must lead to chronic formaldehyde-formic acid
toxicity, since 11% of aspartame (1,120 mg in 2L diet soda, 5.6 12-oz
cans) is 123 mg methanol (wood alcohol), immediately released into the
body after drinking (unlike the large levels of methanol locked up in
molecules inside many fruits), then quickly transformed into
formaldehyde, which in turn becomes formic acid, both of which in
time become carbon dioxide and water-- however, about 30% of the
methanol remains in the body as cumulative durable toxic metabolites of
formaldehyde and formic acid-- 37 mg daily, a gram every month.
If 10% of the methanol is retained as formaldehyde, that would give 12
mg daily formaldehyde accumulation, about 60 times more than the 0.2 mg
from 10% retention of the 2 mg EPA daily limit for formaldehyde in
drinking water.

Bear in mind that the EPA limit for formaldehyde in
drinking water is 1 ppm,
or 2 mg daily for a typical daily consumption of 2 L of water.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/835
RTM: ATSDR: EPA limit 1 ppm formaldehyde in drinking water July 1999
5.30.2 rmforall

This long-term low-level chronic toxic exposure leads to typical
patterns of increasingly severe complex symptoms, starting with
headache, fatigue, joint pain, irritability, memory loss, and
leading to vision and eye problems and even seizures. In many cases
there is addiction. Probably there are immune system disorders, with a
hypersensitivity to these toxins and other chemicals.

Confirming evidence and a general theory are given by Pall (2002):
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/909
testable theory of MCS type diseases, vicious cycle of nitric oxide &
peroxynitrite: MSG: formaldehyde-methanol-aspartame:
Martin L. Pall: Murray: 12.9.2 rmforall

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/946
Functional Therapeutics in Neurodegenerative Disease Part 1/2:
Perlmutter 7.15.99: Murray 1.10.3 rmforall

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/915
formaldehyde toxicity: Thrasher & Kilburn: Shaham: EPA: Gold: Murray:
Wilson: CIIN: 12.12.2 rmforall

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/935
comet assay finds DNA damage from sucralose, cyclamate, saccharin in
mice: Sasaki YF & Tsuda S Aug 2002: Murray 1.1.3 rmforall
[Also borderline evidence, in this pilot study of 39 food additives,
using a test group of 4 mice, for DNA damage from for stomach, colon,
liver, bladder, and lung 3 hr after oral dose of 2000 mg/kg aspartame--
a very high dose.]

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/961
genotoxins, Comet assay in mice: Ace-K, stevia fine; aspartame poor;
sucralose, cyclamate, saccharin bad: Y.F. Sasaki Aug 2002:
Murray 1.27.3 rmforall [A detailed look at the data]
************************************************** *********************