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    Jun 1999
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    Santa Fe, NM 87505, USA
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    Fiorella Belpoggi & Morando Soffritti of Ramazzini Foundation prove
    lifetime carcinogenicity of Coca-Cola, aspartame, and arsenic, Annals
    of the NY Academy of Sciences: Murray 2006.11.28
    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1382


    Final aspartame results were presented at the 3rd international
    scientific conference of the Collegium Ramazzini,
    "Framing the Future in Light of the Past: Living in a Chemical World",
    held in Bologna, Italy from September 18-21, 2005.

    ramazzini.it/living2005/overview.asp

    "Over 250 participants have registered for the conference and will
    travel to Bologna from five continents and thirty-five countries to
    take part in this unique three-day event. Participants include Fellows
    of the Collegium Ramazzini, leaders of international agencies, scholars
    from the world's foremost universities and representatives from various
    industry and interest groups. As in 1985 and 1995, the conference
    proceedings will be in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
    and will provide a source of new and useful information for experts in
    this sector."

    Living in a Chemical World: Framing the Future in Light of the Past
    Volume 1076 published September 2006
    Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1076: (2006).
    doi: 10.1196/annals.1371.080
    Copyright © 2006 by the New York Academy of Sciences


    Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Sep; 1076: 736-52.
    Results of long-term carcinogenicity bioassays on coca-cola
    administered to sprague-dawley rats.
    Belpoggi F,
    Soffritti M,
    Tibaldi E, Eva Tibaldi
    Falcioni L,
    Bua L,
    Trabucco F.
    Cesare Maltoni Cancer Research Center, European Ramazzini Foundation,
    Castello di Bentivoglio, 40010 Bentivoglio (BO), Italy.
    crcfr@ramazzini.it

    Coca-Cola was invented in May 1886 in Atlanta, Georgia by a pharmacist
    who, by accident or design, mixed carbonated water with the syrup of
    sugar, phosphoric acid, caffeine, and other natural flavors to create
    what is known as "the world's favorite soft drink."

    Coca-Cola is currently sold in more than 200 countries
    and in early 2000, the company sold its 10 billionth unit case of
    Coca-Cola branded products.

    Given the worldwide consumption of Coca-Cola,
    a project of experimental bioassays to study its long-term effects when
    administered as substitute for drinking water on male and female
    Sprague-Dawley rats was planned and executed.

    The objective of the project was to study whether and how long-term
    consumption of Coca-Cola affects the basic tumorigram of test animals.

    The bioassays were performed on rats beginning at different ages,
    namely:
    (a) on males and females exposed since embryonic life or from 7 weeks
    of age; and
    (b) on males and females exposed from 30, 39, or 55 weeks of age.

    Overall, the project included 1999 rats.

    During the biophase,data were collected on fluid and feed consumption,
    body weight, and survival.

    Animals were kept under observation until spontaneous death and
    underwent complete necropsy.

    The results indicate:
    (a) an increase in body weight in all treated animals;
    (b) a statistically significant increase of the incidence in females,
    both breeders and offspring, bearing malignant mammary tumors;
    (c) a statistically significant increase in the incidence of exocrine
    ademonas of the pancreas in both male and female breeders and
    offspring; and (d) an increased incidence, albeit not statistically
    significant, of pancreatic islet cell carcinomas in females,
    a malignant tumor which occurs very rarely in our historical controls.

    On the basis of the results of this study, excessive consumption of
    regular soft-drinks should be generally discouraged, in particular for
    children and adolescents.
    PMID: 17119251


    Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Sep; 1076: 559-77.
    Results of long-term carcinogenicity bioassay on sprague-dawley rats
    exposed to aspartame administered in feed.
    Belpoggi F,
    Soffritti M,
    Padovani M,
    Esposti DD,
    Lauriola M,
    Minardi F.
    Cesare Maltoni Cancer Research Center, European Ramazzini Foundation,
    Castello di Bentivoglio, Via Saliceto, 3, 40010 Bentivoglio, Bologna,
    Italy. crcfr@ramazzini.it
    Fiorella Belpoggi, Morando Soffritti, Michela Padovani, Davide Degli
    Esposti, Michelina Lauriola, and Franco Minardi

    Aspartame (APM) is one of the most widely used artificial sweeteners in
    the world.

    Its ever-growing use in more than 6000 products, such as soft drinks,
    chewing gum, candy, desserts, etc., has been accompanied by rising
    consumer concerns regarding its safety, in particular its potential
    long-term carcinogenic effects.

    In light of the inadequacy of the carcinogenicity bioassays performed
    in the 1970s and 1980s, a long-term mega-experiment on APM was
    undertaken at the Cesare Maltoni Cancer Research Center of the European
    Ramazzini Foundation on groups of male and female Sprague-Dawley rats
    (100-150/sex/group), 8 weeks old at the start of the experiment.

    APM was administered in feed at concentrations of 100,000, 50,000,
    10,000, 2,000, 400, 80, or 0 ppm.

    Treatment lasted until spontaneous death of the animals.

    The results of the study demonstrate that APM causes:
    (a) an increased incidence of malignant tumor-bearing animals,
    with a positive significant trend in both sexes,
    and in particular in females treated at 50,000 ppm (P 0.01)
    when compared to controls;
    (b) an increase in lymphomas-leukemias,
    with a positive significant trend in both sexes,
    and in particular in females treated at doses of
    100,000 (P 0.01), 50,000 (P 0.01), 10,000 (P 0.05),
    2000 (P 0.05), and 400 ppm (P 0.01);
    (c) a statistically significant increased incidence,
    with a positive significant trend, of transitional cell carcinomas of
    the renal pelvis and ureter in females
    and particularly in those treated at 100,000 ppm (P 0.05); and
    (d) an increased incidence of malignant schwannomas of the peripheral
    nerves, with a positive trend in males (P 0.05).

    The results of this mega-experiment indicate that APM, in the tested
    experimental conditions, is a multipotential carcinogenic agent.
    PMID: 17119233


    Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Sep; 1076: 578-91.
    Results of a long-term carcinogenicity bioassay on sprague-dawley rats
    exposed to sodium arsenite administered in drinking water.
    Soffritti M,
    Belpoggi F,
    Degli Esposti D,
    Lambertini L. Luca Lambertini
    Cesare Maltoni Cancer Research Center, European Ramazzini Foundation,
    Castello di Bentivoglio, Via Saliceto, 3, 40010 Bentivoglio, Bologna,
    Italy. crcfr@ramazzini.it

    Arsenic (As) is a metal found in nature whose acute and chronic toxic
    effects have been known for decades.

    Hundreds of millions of people are at risk of exposure to As and its
    various chemical forms which can occur in the occupational and general
    environment in air, water, soil, food, and medicines.

    Several epidemiological studies have shown that prolonged exposure to
    As can induce various types of malignant tumors in humans, namely,
    skin, lung, liver, kidney, and bladder cancers.

    These effects have been observed particularly in geographic areas where
    people are exposed to well water with high concentrations of As.

    While the risks of As at high concentrations are well documented,
    there is still a great deal of uncertainty regarding the risk of
    exposure to As at very low levels.

    This uncertainty is due to the absence of adequate epidemiological data
    and the insufficiency of experimental data currently available.

    Given the limited evidence demonstrating the carcinogenic potential of
    As in animals, a long-term carcinogenicity bioassay on sodium arsenite
    (NaAsO2) was performed at the Cesare Maltoni Cancer Research Center
    (CMCRC) of the European Ramazzini Foundation (ERF).

    NaAsO2 was administrated with drinking water at concentrations of 200,
    100, 50, or 0 mg/L, for 104 weeks to Sprague-Dawley rats
    (50/sex/group), 8 weeks old at the start of the study.

    The animals were monitored until spontaneous death at which time each
    animal underwent complete necropsy.

    Histopathological evaluation of all pathological lesions and of all
    organs and tissues collected was routinely performed on each animal.

    The results demonstrate that in our experimental conditions NaAsO2
    induces sparse benign and malignant tumors among treated rats.

    The types of tumors observed are infrequent in the strain of
    Sprague-Dawley rats of the colony used in our laboratory, namely,
    lung adenomas and carcinomas,
    kidney adenomas/papillomas and carcinomas,
    and bladder carcinomas.

    Notably, an elevated incidence of these types of oncological lesions is
    also observed among people living in geographical areas where As is
    present at higher concentrations in drinking water.
    PMID: 17119234

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1316
    PubMed abstract: aspartame (methanol becoming formaldehyde) causes
    many cancers in rats, Ramazzini Foundation, M Soffritti et al:
    Murray 2006.03.06

    ehponline.org/members/2005/8711/8711.html free full text

    Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Mar; 114(3): 379-85.
    First experimental demonstration of the multipotential carcinogenic
    effects of aspartame administered in the feed to sprague-dawley rats.
    Soffritti M, Belpoggi F, Esposti DD,
    Lambertini L, Tibaldi E, Rigano A.
    Cesare Maltoni Cancer Research Center, European Ramazzini
    Foundation of Oncology and Environmental Sciences, Bologna, Italy.

    Key words: artificial sweetener, aspartame, carcinogenicity,
    lymphomas, malignant schwannomas, rats, renal pelvis carcinomas.
    PMID: 16507461 Feb 24 2006 04:49:50

    Address correspondence to M. Soffritti, Cesare Maltoni Cancer
    Research Center, European Ramazzini Foundation of Oncology and
    Environmental Sciences, Castello di Bentivoglio, Via Saliceto, 3,
    40010 Bentivoglio, Bologna, Italy. 39-051-6640460
    Fax: 39-051-6640223 crcfr@ramazzini.it
    We thank the U.S. National Toxicology Program for convening a group
    of pathologists at the
    National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
    to provide a second opinion for a set of malignant lesions and their
    precursors related to aspartame treatment, and for their help in
    statistical analysis.
    We also thank all of the staff involved in the project.
    This research was supported by the European Ramazzini Foundation of
    Oncology and Environmental Sciences.
    The authors declare they have no competing financial interests.
    Received 3 October 2005; accepted 16 November 2005.

    ehponline.org/members/2005/8711/tab1.jpg
    [ transcribed to plain text ]
    Table 1. Beverages and diet products studied at the CMCRC/ERF:
    status of studies.

    Study---------------------------No. of bioassays
    ---Products-------------------------Species---------No. Study status

    1 Water in
    polyvinyl chloride bottles---------2 rat a--------------2,200 P b

    2 Coca-Cola---------------------4 rat a--------------1,999 RP

    3 Pepsi Cola----------------------1 rat-----------------400 E

    4 Ethyl alcohol--------------------4 rat, mouse a------1,458 P c

    5 Sucrose-------------------------1 rat-----------------400 E

    6 Aspartame (APM)--------------6 rat, mouse a------4,460 BO, PP d

    7 Sucralose (Splenda)-------------1 mouse *-----------760 BO

    8 Caffeine-------------------------1 rat-----------------800 E

    9 Vitamin A-----------------------5 rat----------------5,100 E

    10 Vitamin C----------------------5 rat----------------3,680 E

    11 Vitamin E----------------------5 rat----------------3,680 E

    12 Feed sterilized by--------------1 rat a---------------2,000 E
    gamma radiation

    Total-----------------------------36-------------------26,937

    Abbreviations:
    BO, biophase ongoing
    E, in elaboration
    P, published
    PP, partially published
    RP, ready for publication
    a, treatment started from embryonic life
    b, data from Maltoni et al. (1997)
    c, data from Soffritti et al. (2002a)
    d, data from Soffritti et al. (2005).
    *, data from Soffritti et al. (1992)


    Investigations into the metabolism of APM have shown that,
    in rodents, nonhuman primates, and humans,
    it is metabolized in the gastrointestinal tract
    into three constituents --
    aspartic acid, phenylalanine, and methanol --
    which are absorbed into the systemic circulation (Ranney et al. 1976).

    For each molecule of APM,
    one molecule of each constituent is produced.

    After absorption, they are then used, metabolized, and/or excreted by
    the body following the same metabolic pathways
    as when consumed through the ordinary diet:

    aspartate is transformed into alanine plus oxaloacetate (Stegink 1984);

    phenylalanine is transformed mainly into tyrosine and, to a smaller
    extent, phenylethylamine and phenylpyruvate (Harper 1984);

    and methanol is transformed into formaldehyde and then to formic acid
    (Opperman 1984).
    ************************************************** *****

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1250
    aspartame causes cancer in rats at levels approved for humans,
    Morando Soffritti et al, Ramazzini Foundation, Italy &
    National Toxicology Program
    of National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
    2005.11.17 Env. Health Pers. 35 pages: Murray

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1226
    USA National Institutes of Health National Toxicology
    Program aids eminent Ramazzini Foundation, Bologna, Italy,
    in more results on cancers in rats from lifetime low levels
    of aspartame (methanol, formaldehyde), Felicity Lawrence,
    www.guardian.co.uk: Murray 2005.09.30

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1186
    aspartame induces lymphomas and leukaemias in rats, full plain text,
    M Soffritti, F Belpoggi, DD Esposti, L Lambertini: Ramazzini
    Foundation study 2005.07.14: main results agree with their previous
    methanol and formaldehyde studies: Murray 2005.09.03

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1189
    Michael F Jacobson of CSPI now and in 1985 re aspartame
    toxicity, letter to FDA Commissioner Lester Crawford;
    California OEHHA aspartame critique 2004.03.12; Center for
    Consumer Freedom denounces CSPI: Murray 2005.07.27

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1016
    President Bush & formaldehyde (aspartame) toxicity:
    Ramazzini Foundation carcinogenicity results Dec 2002:
    Soffritti: Murray 2003.08.03 rmforall

    p. 88 "The sweetening agent aspartame hydrolyzes in the
    gastrointestinal tract to become free methyl alcohol,
    which is metabolized in the liver
    to formaldehyde, formic acid, and CO2. (11)"
    Medinsky MA & Dorman DC. 1994; Assessing risks of low-level
    methanol exposure. CIIT Act. 14: 1-7.

    Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Dec; 982: 87-105.
    Results of long-term experimental studies on the carcinogenicity of
    formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in rats.
    Soffritti M, Belpoggi F, Lambertin L,
    Lauriola M, Padovani M, Maltoni C.
    Cancer Research Center, European Ramazzini Foundation for Oncology
    and Environmental Sciences, Bologna, Italy. crcfr@ramazzini.it

    Formaldehyde was administered for 104 weeks in drinking water
    supplied ad libitum at concentrations of
    1500, 1000, 500, 100, 50, 10, or 0 mg/L
    to groups of 50 male and 50 female Sprague-Dawley rats beginning at
    seven weeks of age.
    Control animals (100 males and 100 females) received tap water only.
    Acetaldehyde was administered to 50 male and 50 female
    Sprague-Dawley rats beginning at six weeks of age at concentrations of
    2,500, 1,500, 500, 250, 50, or 0 mg/L.
    Animals were kept under observation until spontaneous death.
    Formaldehyde and acetaldehyde were found to produce an increase
    in total malignant tumors in the treated groups
    and showed specific carcinogenic effects on various organs and tissues.
    PMID: 12562630

    Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Dec; 982: 46-69.
    Results of long-term experimental studies on the carcinogenicity of
    methyl alcohol and ethyl alcohol in rats.
    Soffritti M, Belpoggi F, Cevolani D,
    Guarino M, Padovani M, Maltoni C.
    Cancer Research Center, European Ramazzini Foundation for Oncology
    and Environmental Sciences, Bologna, Italy. crcfr@ramazzini.it

    Methyl alcohol was administered in drinking water
    supplied ad libitum at doses of
    20,000, 5,000, 500, or 0 ppm to groups of male and female
    Sprague-Dawley rats 8 weeks old at the start of the experiment.
    Animals were kept under observation until spontaneous death.
    Ethyl alcohol was administered by ingestion in drinking water at a
    concentration of 10% or 0% supplied ad libitum to groups of male and
    female Sprague-Dawley rats; breeders and offspring were included in
    the experiment.
    Treatment started at 39 weeks of age (breeders), 7 days before mating,
    or from embryo life (offspring)
    and lasted until their spontaneous death.
    Under tested experimental conditions, methyl alcohol and ethyl alcohol
    were demonstrated to be carcinogenic for various organs and tissues.
    They must also be considered multipotential carcinogenic agents.
    In addition to causing other tumors, ethyl alcohol induced malignant
    tumors of the oral cavity, tongue, and lips.
    These sites have been shown to be target organs in man by
    epidemiologic studies.
    Publication Types: Review Review, Tutorial PMID: 12562628

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1339
    Obfuscation of the iatrogenic autism epidemic re mercury in kid
    vaccines, Kenneth P. Stoller, Pediatrics 2006.05.06;
    aspartame toxicity 2005.11.10: Comet assay can test genotoxicity,
    EFSA admits ignorance re methanol residues, Murray 2006.05.10

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1335
    Morando Soffritti of Ramazzini Foundation rebuts EFSA AFC critique,
    www.laleva.org: Murray 2006.05.05

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1334
    European Food Safety Authority discounts Ramazzini study re many
    cancers in 1800 rats fed lifetime doses of aspartame:
    Calorie Control Council press release: Murray 2006.05.05

    efsa.eu.int/press_room/press_release/1472_en.html

    efsa.eu.int/science/afc/afc_opinions/1471_en.html

    efsa.eu.int/press_room/media_events/catindex_en.html

    flyonthewall.com/FlyBroadcast/efsa.eu.int/AspartamePressConference/

    efsa.eu.int/science/afc/afc_opinions/1471/afc_op_ej356_aspartame_en1.pdf

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1338
    Aspartame: The healthy option? Richard A. Lovett, The New Scientist
    2006.05.04: Murray 2006.05.08

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1302
    The Lowdown on Sweet? (Ramazzini Foundation, M Soffritti proof that
    aspartame causes cancers), Melanie Warner, The New York Times:
    sucralose: Prof. DL Katz: Murray 2006.02.12

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1303
    David L. Katz MD comments briefly with Diane Sawyer on ABC
    Good Morning America re Ramazzini aspartame cancer study:
    excellent opus at Yale U: mainstream research on aspartame
    (methanol, formaldehyde, formic acid) toxicity: Murray 2006.02.14


    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/957
    safety of aspartame Part 1/2 12.4.2: EC HCPD-G SCF:
    Murray 2003.01.12 rmforall EU Scientific Committee on Food,
    a whitewash

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1045
    holisticmed.com/aspartame/scf2002-response.htm
    Mark Gold exhaustively critiques European Commission Scientific
    Committee on Food re aspartame ( 2002.12.04 ):
    59 pages, 230 references
    ************************************************** *****


    short aspartame (methanol, formaldehyde) toxicity research summary:
    Murray 2006.11.28
    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1379

    "Of course, everyone chooses, as a natural priority,
    to actively find, quickly share, and positively act upon the facts
    about healthy and safe food, drink, and environment."

    Rich Murray, MA Room For All rmforall@comcast.net
    505-501-2298 1943 Otowi Road Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/messages
    group with 80 members, 1,382 posts in a public, searchable archive
    RMForAll.blogspot.com

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1340
    aspartame groups and books: updated research review of 2004.07.16:
    Murray 2006.05.11

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1378
    11 members of New Mexico legislature sign letter to ban aspartame as a
    source of toxic methanol and formaldehyde, Stephen Fox, NM Senator
    Gerald Ortiz y Pino: Murray 2006.10.22

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1374
    47 UK Members of Parliament now support aspartame ban initiative of
    Roger Williams, MP: Murray 2006.10.16

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1271
    combining aspartame and quinoline yellow, or MSG and brilliant blue,
    harms nerve cells, eminent C. Vyvyan Howard et al, 2005
    education.guardian.co.uk, Felicity Lawrence: Murray 2005.12.21

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1277
    50% UK baby food is now organic -- aspartame or MSG
    with food dyes harm nerve cells, CV Howard 3 year study
    funded by Lizzy Vann, CEO, Organix Brands,
    Children's Food Advisory Service: Murray 2006.01.13

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1279
    all three aspartame metabolites harm human erythrocyte [red blood cell]
    membrane enzyme activity, KH Schulpis et al, two studies in 2005,
    Athens, Greece, 2005.12.14: 2004 research review, RL Blaylock:
    Murray 2006.01.14

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1366
    toxicity in rat brains from aspartame, Vences-Mejia A, Espinosa-Aguirre
    JJ et al 2006 Aug: Murray 2006.09.06

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1373
    aspartame rat brain toxicity re cytochrome P450 enzymes, expecially
    CYP2E1, Vences-Mejia A, Espinosa-Aguirre JJ et al, 2006 Aug,
    Hum Exp Toxicol: relevant abstracts re formaldehyde from methanol
    in alcohol drinks: Murray 2006.09.29

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1369
    Bristol, Connecticut, schools join state program to limit artificial
    sweeteners, sugar, fats for 8800 students, Johnny J Burnham, The
    Bristol Press: Murray 2006.09.22

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1341
    Connecticut bans artificial sweeteners in schools, Nancy Barnes,
    New Milford Times: Murray 2006.05.25

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1353
    carcinogenic effect of inhaled formaldehyde, Federal Institute of Risk
    Assessment, Germany -- same safe level as for Canada:
    Murray 2006.06.02

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1352
    Home sickness -- indoor air often worse, as our homes seal in
    pollutants
    [one is formaldehyde, also from the 11% methanol part of aspartame],
    Megan Gillis, WinnipegSun.com: Murray 2006.06.01


    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1143
    methanol (formaldehyde, formic acid) disposition: Bouchard M
    et al, full plain text, 2001: substantial sources are
    degradation of fruit pectins, liquors, aspartame, smoke:
    Murray 2005.04.02

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1349
    NIH NLM ToxNet HSDB Hazardous Substances Data Bank
    inadequate re aspartame (methanol, formaldehyde, formic acid):
    Murray 2006.08.19

    toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/
    HSDB Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Aspartame

    ASPARTAME CASRN: 22839-47-0
    METHANOL CASRN: 67-56-1
    FORMALDEHYDE CASRN: 50-00-0
    FORMIC ACID CASRN: 64-18-6

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1307
    formaldehyde from 11% methanol part of aspartame or from red wine
    causes same toxicity (hangover) harm: Murray 2006.05.24

    Dark wines and liquors, as well as aspartame, provide
    similar levels of methanol, above 120 mg daily, for
    long-term heavy users, 2 L daily, about 6 cans.

    Within hours, methanol is inevitably largely turned into formaldehyde,
    and thence largely into formic acid -- the major causes of the dreaded
    symptoms of "next morning" hangover.

    Fully 11% of aspartame is methanol -- 1,120 mg aspartame
    in 2 L diet soda, almost six 12-oz cans, gives 123 mg
    methanol (wood alcohol). If 30% of the methanol is turned
    into formaldehyde, the amount of formaldehyde, 37 mg,
    is 18.5 times the USA EPA limit for daily formaldehyde in
    drinking water, 2.0 mg in 2 L average daily drinking water.

    Any unsuspected source of methanol, which the body always quickly
    and largely turns into formaldehyde and then formic acid, must be
    monitored, especially for high responsibility occupations, often with
    night shifts, such as pilots and nuclear reactor operators.

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1052
    DMDC: Dimethyl dicarbonate 200mg/L in drinks adds methanol 98 mg/L
    ( becomes formaldehyde in body ): EU Scientific Committee on Foods
    2001.07.12: Murray 2004.01.22

    HolisticMed.com/aspartame mgold@holisticmed.com
    Aspartame Toxicity Information Center Mark D. Gold
    12 East Side Drive #2-18 Concord, NH 03301 603-225-2100

    holisticmed.com/aspartame/abuse/methanol.html
    "Scientific Abuse in Aspartame Research"

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1371
    Russell L. Blaylock, MD discusses MSG, aspartame, excitotoxins
    with Mike Adams: Murray 2006.09.27

    groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1372
    Mike Adams interviews Randall Fitzgerald on "The Hundred Year Lie:
    How Food and Medicine are Destroying Your Health" 2006.06.21:
    Murray 2006.09.28
    ************************************************** *****
    Send blank post to: <br />aspartameNM-subscribe@onelist.com to join<br />free,open, list with searchable archives for toxicity issues.<br />Richard \"Rich\" T. Murray Room For All 1943 Otowi Road Santa Fe, NM 87505<br />rmforall@comcast.net 505-501-2298

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