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aspartame & quinoline yellow, MSG & brilliant blue harms nerve cells

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  • aspartame & quinoline yellow, MSG & brilliant blue harms nerve cells

    ************************************************** *****
    combining aspartame and quinoline yellow, or MSG and brilliant blue,
    harms nerve cells, eminent C. Vyvyan Howard et al, 2005, Felicity Lawrence: Murray 2005.12.21
    printable version

    Combining food additives may be harmful, say researchers
    * Aspartame and artificial colourings investigated
    * Mice nerve cells stopped growing in experiments

    Felicity Lawrence, consumer affairs correspondent
    Wednesday December 21, 2005


    New research on common food additives, including the controversial
    sweetener aspartame and food colourings, suggests they may interact
    to interfere with the development of the nervous system.

    Researchers at the University of Liverpool examined the toxic effects
    on nerve cells in the laboratory of using a combination of four common
    food additives -- aspartame, monosodium glutamate (MSG)
    and the artificial colourings brilliant blue and quinoline yellow.
    The findings of their two-year study were published last week
    in the journal Toxicological Sciences.

    The Liverpool team reported that when mouse nerve cells were
    exposed to MSG and brilliant blue
    or aspartame and quinoline yellow in laboratory conditions,
    combined in concentrations that theoretically reflect the compound
    that enters the bloodstream after a typical children's snack and drink,
    the additives stopped the nerve cells growing
    and interfered with proper signalling systems.

    The mixtures of the additives had a much more potent effect
    on nerve cells than each additive on its own.

    The study reported that the effect on cells could be up to
    four times greater when brilliant blue and MSG were combined,
    and up to seven times greater when quinoline yellow and aspartame
    were combined, than when the additives were applied on their own.
    "The results indicate that both combinations are potentially
    more toxic than might be predicted from the sum of their individual
    compounds," the researchers concluded.

    The tests used are the same as those applied when testing
    combinations of pesticides for toxicity.
    "They are recognised as predictive of developmental outcomes
    in humans," said Vyvyan Howard, a toxicopathologist
    and expert in foetal development who led the study.
    Exposure to food additives during a child's development
    has been associated with behavioural problems
    such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

    Additives are licensed for use one at a time,
    but the study's authors believe that examining their effect
    in combinations gives a more accurate picture of how
    they are consumed in the modern diet.
    "Although the use of single food additives is believed
    to be relatively safe in terms of development of the nervous system,
    their combined effects are unclear," Professor Howard said.
    "We think there are signs that when you mix additives,
    the effect might be worse."

    The colours used in the research are synthetic dyes
    certified as safe food additives in the EU.
    However, brilliant blue (E133) has been banned
    in several European countries in the past.
    Quinoline yellow (E104) is banned in foods in Australia,
    Norway and the US.
    Previous research has shown that MSG (E621) and aspartic acid,
    one of the breakdown compounds in aspartame (E951),
    are neurotoxins, according to the authors of the study.

    Brilliant blue is found in sweets, some processed peas,
    some soft drinks and some confectionery, desserts and ices.

    Quinoline yellow is found in some smoked haddock,
    some confectionery and some pickles.

    MSG, which is banned in foods for young children,
    is found in some pasta with sauce products,
    a large number of crisps, processed cheese, and prepared meals.

    Aspartame is found in diet drinks, some sweets, desserts and medicines.

    The Food Standards Agency said it would need further details
    and clarification on the research before making a full assessment.
    "All of the additives included in the study are permitted
    for use in food under current EU legislation following a rigorous
    safety assessment," it said in a statement.
    The agency added it was funding research on the effects
    of mixtures of colourings on children's behaviour
    and kept the safety of additives under review.

    Speaking for manufacturers, the Food and Drink Federation
    said the additives in the study had all been approved as safe
    by the EU's expert scientific committee.

    The Aspartame Information Service,
    which represents the sweetener industry, dismissed the research,
    saying that it "did not provide any meaningful information"
    because it exposed mouse cells in the laboratory to undigested
    aspartame. "When we consume aspartame it is broken down
    in the digestive system to common dietary components.
    Aspartame has been in safe use for 25 years and has been
    reviewed and approved by more than 130 countries," it said. ??????© Guardian Newspapers Limited 2005
    ************************************************** *****,00.html
    education weekly,00.html
    Observer letters page
    Letters from the readers of the Sunday paper (
    Make 'Letter to the Editor' your subject line.
    ************************************************** *****

    Dr C. Vyvyan Howard, editor of Nanotoxicology [ photo ]
    [ C. V. Howard ]

    Nanotoxicology -March 2005 launch
    Volume 1, 2005, quarterly publication
    Print ISSN 1743-5390 Online ISSN 1743-5404

    Nanotoxicology aims to address the emerging science behind
    the understanding that as particles are made smaller so their
    chemical properties change, and in doing so a potential risk is
    posed to humans, animals, the environment and within biota.

    The recently published (July 2004) UK government backed
    report into nanotechnology has called for new regulations and
    research into the as yet unknown effects of nanotechnology on
    human health and this would appear to reflect the need for a publication
    in this area.
    The Journal is also particularly interested in methods of toxicity
    minimisation, through coatings and other methods, in fields such as the
    medical and therapeutic use of nano-particles in the treatment of disease.

    Please visit for further information and a full set
    of the aims and scope. Submissions are invited.

    Vyvyan Howard is head of the Development Toxico-Pathology
    Research Group within the Department of Human Anatomy and a senior
    lecturer at the University of Liverpool.

    The department's current research includes the effects of drugs,
    environmental pollutants and tobacco smoke in a variety of developmental

    Dr Howard is an experienced toxicopathologist with a particular interest
    in the effects of toxic substances upon the fetus and the infant.

    He has been involved in the description of two newly discovered pathological
    syndromes and has also studied the effects of
    organo-chlorine pollutants on highly exposed industrial workers.

    Dr Howard is also Visiting Professor at the Centre for Molecular
    Biosciences at the University of Ulster.

    Dr Howard has been Author and Editor of several books, such as
    Unbiased Stereology and Particulate Matter,
    published by BIOS Scientific Publishers.

    Dr Howard is a fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists and the
    Royal Microscopical Society,
    plus a member of the British Society of Toxicological Pathologists,
    the International Society for Stereology,
    the Working Group on Food Additives and Behaviour in Children,
    the International Society of Doctors for the Environment
    and the European Teratology Society.

    He is the Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Board of the recently formed
    charity the Cancer Prevention and Education Society.

    He held the position of President of the Royal Microscopical Society
    from 1995-1998 and President of the International Society for
    Stereology from 1991-1995.

    In 1989 he was awarded the Royal Microscopical Society's 150th
    Anniversary Gold Medal for services to microscopy.

    In May 2003, Dr Howard was appointed
    to the Government's Advisory Committee on Pesticides.

    Dr Howard has been an invited lecturer at the College of Europe in Bruges
    and during his Presidency of the RMS,
    held a place at the Parliamentary and Scientific Committee of Parliament.
    He gave the main presentation, "Child Health and the Environment,"
    at the 3rd European Conference on Health and the Environment,
    on behalf of representatives of the World Health Organisation
    and the European Environment Agency.

    He has also written an article in Science in Parliament,
    the official publication of the Parliamentary and Scientific Committee
    and has been a personal guest of HRH Prince Charles during recent
    debates concerning the field of nanotechnology.

    He has supervised PhD projects, and has been directly involved in the
    development and application of a number of novel microscopes and

    He obtained a grant to purchase one of the first laser scanning
    commercially available confocal microscopes.

    Dr Howard's activities in the field of microscopy are evident from his
    Editorship of the Journal of Microscopy
    and subsequent Presidency of the Royal Microscopical Society.

    Dr Howard has become a media spokesperson for his field, having
    contributed to several television documentaries including World in Action
    and Dispatches, and appearing on the Radio 4 Today Programme on
    several occasions to discuss pollution topics.

    Dr Howard has been the Chairman and grant holder of the Mersey
    Diabetes in Pregnancy Research Group since 1990. This is currently the
    world's biggest epidemiological study into the complications of diabetic
    pregnancy and has funding to continue to collect data for 10 years.

    He was involved in the development of a new series of 3-D measurement
    techniques in microscopy, termed stereology,
    and was subsequently invited to become Editor for
    Stereology of the Journal of Microscopy.

    He has organised and taught several international courses on these
    techniques and published over 40 papers outlining original advances in
    the theory and application of stereology. New methods of research
    facilitated by these stereological techniques are now being requested by
    drug licensing authorities (e.g. US FDA)
    for the toxicological testing of new drugs.

    Dr Howard has also specialised in 'single cell stereology'.
    This is a body of techniques that require perfectly registered sections and
    facilitate the unbiased estimation of the geometrical features of single
    These latter techniques are quite new,
    but appear to be of particular strength in the field of neurophysiology.
    He has recently written the first full length book on the subject,
    with Dr Matt Reed of Unilever Research Ltd,
    entitled Unbiased Stereology,
    and including a foreword by Professor Lewis Wolpert FRS.

    To find out more about Vyvyan Howard and his work visit his Liverpool
    University homepage.
    ************************************************** *****
    [ photo ]

    Charles Vyvyan Howard, MB. ChB. PhD. FRCPath.

    Professor of Bioimaging, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster
    at Coleraine

    Member Directing Board and President Elect of International Society of
    Doctors for the Environment (ISDE)

    Member of Board of Health Care Without Harm, Europe (HCWH)

    Member ot the UK Governmant DEFRA Advisory Committee on Pesticides.....
    [ more ]
    ************************************************** *****
    neurotoxic synergy of aspartame with Quinoline Yellow,
    and L-glutamic acid with Brilliant Blue, in mouse cells,
    Lau K, McLean WG, Williams DP, Howard CV, U. of Liverpool,
    Toxicol Sci 2005.12.13: Murray

    [ Rich Murray: This study by an expert mainstream research team shows
    that both aspartame and MSG harm developing mouse neuroblastoma
    cells: "Inhibition of neurite outgrowth was found at concentrations
    of additives theoretically achievable in plasma by ingestion of a
    typical snack and drink."

    The possibility that prolong daily exposures would cause cumulative
    effects was not studied.

    Aspartame generally exerts its toxic effects by its rapid
    disassociation in the GI tract into its three components:
    50% phenylalanine, 39% aspartic acid, and 11% methanol (wood alcohol),
    the last always quickly and largely turned into formaldehyde and then
    formic acid, both extremely potent, cumulative toxins that harm every
    cell and tissue.

    The effects of methanol can be conveniently tested by using dimethyl
    dicarbonate, approved as an additive to wines and other beverages,
    which readily releases about the same amount of methanol in the body
    as does aspartame:
    DMDC: Dimethyl dicarbonate 200mg/L in drinks adds
    methanol 98 mg/L [ becomes formaldehyde in body ]:
    EU Scientific Committee on Foods 2001.07.12: Murray 2004.01.22

    Without changing wording, I have increased spacing and altered
    sequences in the first abstract
    to increase clarity and add emphasis. ]

    Toxicol Sci. 2005 Dec 13; [Epub ahead of print]
    Synergistic interactions between commonly used food additives in a
    developmental neurotoxicity test.
    Lau K, McLean WG, Williams DP, Howard CV.
    Developmental Toxicopathology Unit,
    Department of Human Anatomy & Cell Biology,
    University of Liverpool, Sherrington Buildings, Liverpool L69 3GE, UK;
    Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics,
    University of Liverpool, Sherrington Buildings, Liverpool L69 3GE, UK.
    W. Graham McLean
    C. V. Howard
    D. P. Williams 0151 794 5791
    Miss. Karen Lau 0151 795 4223
    [ Deborah A. Sawatzky
    Paul J. Kingham
    Craig N. Lippe
    B. K. Park
    D. J. Naisbitt ; 0151 794 5346
    Richard W. Costello
    Patricia J. Manns
    M. M. Yarborough
    Dr Yvonne Allen 0151 794 5449 ]

    Exposure to non-nutritional food additives during the critical
    development window has been implicated
    in the induction and severity of behavioural
    disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

    Although the use of single food additives
    at their regulated concentrations is believed to be relatively safe
    in terms of neuronal development,
    their combined effects remain unclear.

    We therefore examined the neurotoxic effects of four common
    food additives in combinations of two
    ( aspartame and Quinoline Yellow,
    L-glutamic acid and Brilliant Blue )
    to assess potential interactions.

    Mouse NB2a neuroblastoma cells were induced to differentiate and
    grow neurites in the presence of additives.

    After 24 h, cells were fixed and stained and neurite length measured by
    light microscopy with computerised image analysis.

    Neurotoxicity was measured as an inhibition of neurite outgrowth.

    Two independent models were used to analyse combination effects:
    effect additivity and dose additivity.

    Significant synergy was observed between combinations
    of aspartame with Quinoline Yellow, and
    of L-glutamic acid with Brilliant Blue,
    in both models.

    Involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in food
    additive-induced neurite inhibition
    was assessed with a NMDA antagonist, CNS-1102.

    L-glutamic acid- and aspartame-induced neurotoxicity
    was reduced in the presence of CNS-1102;
    however the antagonist
    did not prevent food colour-induced neurotoxicity.

    Theoretical exposure to additives was calculated based on analysis
    of content in foodstuff,
    and estimated percentage absorption from the gut.

    Inhibition of neurite outgrowth was found at concentrations of additives
    theoretically achievable in plasma
    by ingestion of a typical snack and drink.

    In addition, Trypan Blue dye exclusion was used to evaluate the cellular
    toxicity of food additives on cell viability of NB2a cells;
    both combinations had a straightforward additive effect on cytotoxicity.

    These data have implications for the cellular effects of common chemical
    entities ingested individually and in combination. PMID: 16352620
    ************************************************** *****

    Wednesday, December 21, 2005

    Any unsuspected source of methanol, which the body always quickly
    and largely turns into formaldehyde and then formic acid, must be
    monitored, especially for high responsibility occupations, often with
    night shifts, such as pilots and nuclear reactor operators.

    In particular, the next review gives many recent mainstream
    peer-reviewed studies that show formaldehyde,
    always inevitably derived in the body from any methanol source,
    including aspartame, causes endothelial injury,
    ie, diabetic neuropathy -- among the most serious and complex
    complications of diabetes.
    many studies on endothelial injury (diabetic neuropathy) by adducts of
    formaldehyde derived from methylamine from many of the same sources
    as also supply methanol (formaldehyde), including aspartame:
    PH Yu et al: DJ Conklin et al: Murray 2005.12.04
    ubiquitous potent uncontrolled co-factors in nutrition research are
    formaldehyde from wood and tobacco smoke and many sources,
    including from methanol in dark wines and liquors, in pectins
    in fruits and vegetables, and in aspartame: Murray 2005.12.21
    aspartame causes cancer in rats at levels approved for humans,
    Morando Soffritti et al, Ramazzini Foundation, Italy &
    National Toxicology Program
    of National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
    2005.11.17 Env. Health Pers. 35 pages: Murray

    As a medical layman, I suggest that evidence mandates immediate
    exploration of the role of these ubiquitious, potent formaldehyde
    sources as co-factors in epidemiology, research, diagnosis,
    and treatment in a wide variety of disorders.

    Folic acid, from fruits and vegetables, plays a role by powerfully
    protecting against methanol (formaldehyde) toxicity.

    Many common drugs, such as aspirin, interfere with folic acid,
    as do some mutations in relevant enzymes.

    The majority of aspartame reactors are female.

    In mutual service, Rich Murray
    ************************************************** *****

    "Of course, everyone chooses, as a natural priority,
    to actively and positively find, quickly share, and act upon the facts
    about healthy and safe food, drink, and environment."

    Rich Murray, MA Room For All
    505-501-2298 1943 Otowi Road Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505
    group with 149 members, 1,271 posts in a public, searchable archive

    Dark wines and liquors, as well as aspartame, provide
    similar levels of methanol, above 100 mg daily, for
    long-term heavy users, 2 L daily, about 6 cans.

    Methanol is inevitably largely turned into formaldehyde,
    and thence largely into formic acid.
    It is the major cause of the dreaded symptoms of "next
    morning" hangover.

    Fully 11% of aspartame is methanol -- 1,120 mg aspartame
    in 2 L diet soda, almost six 12-oz cans, gives 123 mg
    methanol (wood alcohol). If 30% of the methanol is turned
    into formaldehyde, the amount of formaldehyde, 37 mg,
    is 18.5 times the USA EPA limit for daily formaldehyde in
    drinking water, 2.0 mg in 2 L average daily drinking water.
    faults in 1999 July EPA 468-page formaldehyde profile:
    Elzbieta Skrzydlewska PhD, Assc. Prof., Medical U. of
    Bialystok, Poland, abstracts -- ethanol, methanol,
    formaldehyde, formic acid, acetaldehyde, lipid peroxidation,
    green tea, aging: Murray 2004.08.08 2005.07.11
    ATSDR: EPA limit 1 ppm formaldehyde in drinking water July
    1999: Murray 2002.05.30 rmforall

    Aspartame is made of phenylalanine (50% by weight) and
    aspartic acid (39%), both ordinary amino acids, bound
    loosely together by methanol (wood alcohol, 11%).
    The readily released methanol from aspartame is within hours
    turned by the liver into formaldehyde and then formic acid,
    both potent, cumulative toxins.
    Nurses Health Study can quickly reveal the extent of aspartame
    (methanol, formaldehyde, formic acid) toxicity: Murray 2004.11.21
    [ Any scientist can get access to this data for free by submitting a proper
    research proposal.
    No one has admitted mining the extensive data on diet soda use
    and many symptoms for decades for about 100,000 nurses. ]
    aspartame (methanol, phenylalanine, aspartic acid) effects, detailed
    expert studies in 2005 Aug and 1998 July, Tsakiris S, Schulpis KH,
    Karikas GA, Kokotos G, Reclos RJ, et al,
    Aghia Sophia Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece: Murray 2005.09.09
    aspartame (aspartic acid, phenylalanine) binding to DNA:
    Karikas July 1998: Murray 2003.01.05 rmforall
    Karikas GA, Schulpis KH, Reclos GJ, Kokotos G
    Measurement of molecular interaction of aspartame and
    its metabolites with DNA. Clin Biochem 1998 Jul; 31(5): 405-7.
    Dept. of Chemistry, University of Athens, Greece
    K.H. Schulpis G.J. Reclos
    Murray, full plain text & critique: chronic aspartame in rats affects
    memory, brain cholinergic receptors, and brain chemistry, Christian B,
    McConnaughey M et al, 2004 May: 2004.06.05
    eyelid contact dermatitis by formaldehyde from aspartame,
    AM Hill & DV Belsito, Nov 2003: Murray 2004.03.30

    Thrasher (2001): "The major difference is that the Japanese
    demonstrated the incorporation of FA and its metabolites into the
    placenta and fetus.
    The quantity of radioactivity remaining in maternal and fetal tissues
    at 48 hours was 26.9% of the administered dose." [ Ref. 14-16 ]

    Arch Environ Health 2001 Jul-Aug; 56(4): 300-11.
    Embryo toxicity and teratogenicity of formaldehyde. [100 references]
    Thrasher JD, Kilburn KH.
    Sam-1 Trust, Alto, New Mexico, USA. full text
    DMDC: Dimethyl dicarbonate 200mg/L in drinks adds
    methanol 98 mg/L [ becomes formaldehyde in body ]: EU Scientific
    Committee on Foods 2001.07.12: Murray 2004.01.22
    aspartame puts formaldehyde adducts into tissues, Part 1/2
    full text Trocho & Alemany 1998.06.26: Murray 2002.12.22
    Aspartame disease: an FDA-approved epidemic, H. J. Roberts,
    MD 2004: Murray 2005.09.30
    Aspartame -- the shocking story, The Ecologist, 2005 Sept.,
    p. 35-51, full text: Murray 2005.09.30: the correct author,
    Pat Thomas, What Doctors Don't Tell You :
    genotoxicity of aspartame in human lymphocytes 2004.07.29
    full plain text, Rencuzogullari E et al, Cukurova University,
    Adana, Turkey 2004 Aug: Murray 2004.11.06
    NM EIB votes 4-2 for 5-day aspartame toxicity hearing July,
    2006, requesting a Hearing Officer and a medical expert from
    Environmental Dept. and legal advice from NM Attorney
    General: Murray 2005.10.04
    ubiquitous potent uncontrolled co-factors in nutrition research are
    formaldehyde from wood and tobacco smoke and many sources,
    including from methanol in dark wines and liquors, in pectins
    in fruits and vegetables, and in aspartame: Murray 2005.12.21
    ************************************************** *****
    hangover research relevant to toxicity of 11% methanol in
    aspartame (formaldehyde, formic acid): Calder I (full text):
    Jones AW: Murray 2004.08.05 2005.09.28

    Since no adaquate data has ever been published on the exact
    disposition of toxic metabolites in specific tissues in
    humans of the 11% methanol component of aspartame, the many
    studies on morning-after hangover from the methanol impurity
    in alcohol drinks are the main available resource to date.

    Jones AW (1987) found next-morning hangover from red wine
    with 100 to 150 mg methanol (9.5% w/v ethanol, 100 mg/L
    methanol, 0.01%, one part in ten thousand).
    Joining together: short review: research on aspartame
    methanol, formaldehyde, formic acid) toxicity: Murray
    2005.07.08 rmforall
    research on aspartame (methanol, formaldehyde, formic acid)
    toxicity: Murray2004.04.29 rmforall
    aspartame causes cancer in rats at levels approved for humans,
    Morando Soffritti et al, Ramazzini Foundation, Italy &
    National Toxicology Program
    of National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
    2005.11.17 Env. Health Pers. 35 pages: Murray
    USA National Institutes of Health National Toxicology
    Program aids eminent Ramazzini Foundation, Bologna, Italy,
    in more results on cancers in rats from lifetime low levels
    of aspartame (methanol, formaldehyde), Felicity Lawrence, Murray 2005.09.30
    aspartame induces lymphomas and leukaemias in rats, full plain text,
    M Soffritti, F Belpoggi, DD Esposti, L Lambertini: Ramazzini
    Foundation study 2005.07.14: main results agree with their previous
    methanol and formaldehyde studies: Murray 2005.09.03
    Michael F Jacobson of CSPI now and in 1985 re aspartame
    toxicity, letter to FDA Commissioner Lester Crawford;
    California OEHHA aspartame critique 2004.03.12; Center for
    Consumer Freedom denounces CSPI: Murray 2005.07.27
    methanol (formaldehyde, formic acid) disposition: Bouchard M
    et al, full plain text, 2001: substantial sources are
    degradation of fruit pectins, liquors, aspartame, smoke:
    Murray 2005.04.02
    ************************************************** *****
    critique of aspartame review, French Food Safety Agency AFSSA
    2002.05.07 aspartamgb.pdf (18 pages, in English), Martin Hirsch:
    Murray 2004.04.13
    safety of aspartame Part 1/2 12.4.2: EC HCPD-G SCF,
    EU Scientific Committee on Food, a whitewash; Murray 2003.01.12
    Mark Gold exhaustively critiques European Commission Scientific
    Committee on Food re aspartame ( 2002.12.04 ): 59 pages, 230 references
    Aspartame Toxicity Information Center Mark D. Gold
    12 East Side Drive #2-18 Concord, NH 03301 603-225-2100
    "Scientific Abuse in Aspartame Research"

    Gold points out that industry methanol assays were too insensitive to
    properly measure blood methanol levels. ]
    J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 Feb; 104(2): 255-75.
    Position of the American Dietetic Association: use of nutritive and
    nonnutritive sweeteners. American Dietetic Association.
    critique of aspartame review by American Dietetic Association
    Feb 2004, Valerie B. Duffy & Madeleine J. Sigman-Grant:
    Murray 2004.05.14

    "Survey of aspartame studies: correlation of outcome and funding
    sources," 1998, unpublished:
    Walton found 166 separate published studies in the peer reviewed
    medical literature, which had relevance for questions of human safety.
    The 74 studies funded by industry all (100%) attested to aspartame's
    safety, whereas of the 92 non-industry funded studies, 84 (91%)
    identified a problem. Six of the seven non-industry funded studies
    that were favorable to aspartame safety were from the FDA, which
    has a public record that shows a strong pro-industry bias.
    Ralph G. Walton, MD, Prof. of Clinical Psychology, Northeastern Ohio
    Universities, College of Medicine, Dept. of Psychiatry, Youngstown,
    OH 44501, Chairman, The Center for Behavioral Medicine,
    Northside Medical Center, 500 Gypsy Lane, P.O. Box 240
    Youngstown, OH 44501 330-740-3621 original documents and long reviews of flaws in
    aspartame toxicity research: Murray 2002.07.31
    Samuels: Strong: Roberts: Gold: flaws in double-blind studies re
    aspartame and MSG toxicity: Murray 2002.08.01 Truth in Labeling Campaign [MSG]
    Adrienne Samuels, PhD The toxicity/safety of processed
    free glutamic acid (MSG): a study in suppression of information.
    Accountability in Research 1999; 6: 259-310. 52-page review
    P.O. Box 2532 Darien, Illinois 60561
    aspartame expose 96K Oct 1987 Part 1/3:
    Gregory Gordon, UPI reporter: Murray 2000.07.10
    aspartame history Part 1/4 1964-1976: Gold: Murray 1999.11.06
    revolving door, Monsanto, FDA, EPA: NGIN: Murray 2002.12.23
    Donald Rumsfeld, 1977 head of Searle Corp., got aspartame FDA
    approval: Turner: Murray 2002.12.23 rmforall
    ************************************************** *****
    Send blank post to: <br /> to join<br />free,open, list with searchable archives for toxicity issues.<br />Richard \"Rich\" T. Murray Room For All 1943 Otowi Road Santa Fe, NM 87505<br /> 505-501-2298

  • #2
    Great Article
    More information like this is getting out about aspartame. Glad to see forums like this.


    • #3
      About 20 years or so ago, did anyone hear something about a big container ship being loaded? One of the containers full of aspartame was on the crane, fell, ruptured and supposedly killed all of the wildlife in a river. It was a big deal between a couple companies arguing over insurance and liability. I want to say this happened in Denmark. I cannot recall.


      • #4
        Did one of those previous articles mention behavioral health studies from Youngstown, Ohio? That's right on top of where the one of the most "behavioral" people, Mike Tyson was raised. [img]tongue.gif[/img] Keep studying.